Chunav Kaise Hota Hai

India mein sabse high constitutional position ke roop mein, Rashtrapati country ki governance mein ek significant role play karta hai. Presidential election ek important process hai jo har paanch saal mein ek baar hoti hai aur yeh process desh ke agle rashtrapati ko determine karta hai. Is post mein hum India ke rashtrapati ke chunav ka process, chunaav ke liye jaruri education qualification aur eligibility criteria, aur rashtrapati ke role aur powers par discuss karege. Is guide mein hum aapko puri information denge ki chunav kaise hota hai.

Introduction: Chunav Kaise Hota Hai

India ke Rashtrapati desh ka  head of state aur Indian Armed Forces ka commander-in-chief hota hai. Rashtrapati ko panch saal ke liye elect kiya jata hai, aur chunav ek electoral college se conduct hote hai jisme dono houses ke elected members aur States ke Legislative Assemblies ke members hote hai.

Rashtrapati Chunaav Ke Liye Qualifications

Chunav kaise hota hai iske liye kuch qualification ki need hoti hai, Rashtrapati chunaav ke liye qualifications ke liye candidate ko neeche diye gaye qualifications ko complete karna hoga: 

  • Must be a citizen of India
  • Must have completed 35 years of age
  • Must be qualified for election as a member of the Lok Sabha
  • Must not hold any office of profit under the Government of India or any state government
  • Must not be of unsound mind
  • Must not have been declared as an insolvent

Rashtrapati Electoral College

Chunaav ke liye electoral college is type se bani rehti hai: 

  • Members of both houses of Parliament, including the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.
  • Members of the Legislative Assemblies of all the States in India, including the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Puducherry.

Chunao samiti mein total votes 10,98,882 hai aur candidate jo 50% total votes ka secure karta hai, Wo President of India ke roop mein declare kiya jata hai.

Rashtrapati Chunaav Ke Liye Nominations

Koi bhi Indian citizen jo eligibility criteria fulfill karta hai, rashtrapati chunav mein candidate ho sakta hai. Candidate ko kam se kam 50 electors dwara propose kiya jana chahiye aur doosre 50 electors dwara support kiya jana chahiye. Electors ko electoral college ka member hona chahiye.

Nominations Ki Jaanch 

Nominations file kiye jaane ke baad, lautane wale adhikari dwara nominations ki jaanch ki jaati hai ki kya sabhi candidate chunaav ke liye eligible ke maamle mein poore hote hai ya nahi. Yadi candidate eligible nahi hai ya nomination ke papers mein koi discrepancies hai to Returning Officer dwara nomination ko reject kar diya ja sakta hai.

Nominations Ka Withdrawl

Candidate Returning Officer ko written notice dekar apna nomination wapas le sakta hai. Chunaav ke din se pahle notice diya jaana chahiye.

Voting Procedure

Rashtrapati chunaav ke liye election secret ballot ke through conduct kiya jata hai. Electors ko special pen diye jaate hain jisse wo ballot paper par apni pasand ka sign laga sake. Ballot paper phir ballot box mein rakha jata hai aur voting process ke end mein votes count kiye jaate hai.

Vote Ginati 

Chunav Kaise Hota Hai

Rashtrapati chunaav ke vote ginati ka kaam Returning Officer dwara kiya jata hai. Returning Officer har candidate ke vote ko jodkar result declare karta hai.

Parinaam Ghoshit Karne Ka Process 

Jis candidate ko electoral college mein total vote 50% se jyada milte hain, use India ke Rashtrapati ke roop mein declare kiya jata hai. India ka Election Commission election process ko conduct karne aur Rashtrapati chunav (Presidential election) ke results ko declare karne ke liye responsible hai.

Rashtrapati Ke Roles Aur Powers

India ke Rashtrapati ke paas dono ceremonial aur executive ke role hote hain. Rashtrapati Prime Minister aur dusre Ministers ko Prime Minister ki advice ke according par appoint karta hai. Rashtrapati bhi Supreme Court aur High Court ke Chief Justice aur dusre judges ko appoint karta hai.

India ke Rashtrapati ko punishment ko maaf karna, rahat dena aur punishment ko kam karne ki power hai. Rashtrapati Parliament ko bula sakta hai aur usko prorogue ya Lok Sabha ko dissolve bhi kar sakta hai. Rashtrapati, agar desh ko external aggression ya internal disturbance se risk hai to President state of emergency declare bhi kar sakta hai.

Conclusion

India mein Rashtrapati chunaav ek crucial process hai jisse Country ke agle President ka chayan hota hai. Electoral college dono Parliament houses ke members aur state ke Legislative Assemblies ke members se milkar bana hota hai. India ke Rashtrapati ke paas ceremonial aur executive ke role hote hain aur unko Prime Minister, Supreme Court ke judges aur High Courts ko appoint karne aur punishment ko maaf karna ka power bhi hota hai. Ab aap jaan gye hai ki chunav kaise hota hai.

Faq’s

Q1. India mein Rashtrapati chunaav kitni baar hote hain?

 A1. India mein Rashtrapati chunaav paanch saal mein ek baar hote hain. 

Q2. Electoral college mein total vote kitne hote hain? 

A2. Electoral college mein total vote 10,98,882 hote hain. 

Q3. Kya koi bhi Indian citizen Presidential election mein candidate ban sakta hai? 

A3. Haan, koi bhi Indian citizen jo eligibility criteria ko fulfill karta hai, Presidential election mein candidate ban sakta hai. 

Q4. Judges ko appoint karne mein Rashtrapati ka kya role hai?

A4. Rashtrapati Chief Justice aur Supreme Court aur High Court ke judges ko appoint karta hai.

Q5. Rashtrapati ko emergency ki state declare karne ka power kya hai?

A5. Rashtrapati, agar desh ko external aggression ya internal disturbance se risk hai to President state of emergency declare bhi kar sakta hai

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